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THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF CHILDREN

07 Sep

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (article 25& 26)

Everyone has the right a standard of living adequate for … health and well-being…. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children … shall enjoy the same social protection…. Everyone has the right to education….”

Convention on the rights of the child (Articles 2, 6, 24, 27, 28, 32, and 34)
States Parties shall respect and ensure … rights … to each child … without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child’s or his or her parent’s or legal guardian’s race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status…. States Parties shall ensure … the survival and development of the child…. States Parties recognize the right of the child to the … highest attainable standard of health….; shall strive to ensure that no child is deprived of his or her right of access to … health care services…. States Parties shall … diminish infant and child mortality; … ensure the provision of … health care to all children…. States Parties shall take all effective … measures with a view to abolishing traditional practices prejudicial to the health of children…. States Parties recognize the right of every child to a standard of living adequate for the child’s physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development…. States Parties … shall take appropriate measures to assist parents and others responsible for the child to implement this right and shall in case of need provide material assistance and support…, particularly with regard to nutrition, clothing and housing…. States Parties recognize the right of the child to education…. States Parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development…. States Parties undertake to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse…. “

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Articles 10, 11, 12, and 13)
The States Parties … recognize that … special measures of protection and assistance should be taken on behalf of all children and young persons without any discrimination for reasons of parentage or other conditions. Children and young persons should be protected from economic and social exploitation. Their employment in work harmful to their morals or health or dangerous to life or likely to hamper their normal development should be punishable by law…. States Parties … recognize the right of everyone to an adequate standard of living….; to the … highest attainable standard of physical and mental health…. The steps to be taken … to achieve the full realization of this right shall include those necessary for … the reduction of the still birth-rate and of infant mortality, and for the healthy development of the child…. States Parties … recognize the right of everyone to education….”

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Articles 6, 10, 23, and 24)
“… Sentence of death shall not be imposed for crimes committed by persons below eighteen years of age…. Juvenile offenders shall be segregated from adults and be accorded treatment appropriate to their age and legal status…. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State…. Every child shall have, without any discrimination as to race, colour, sex, language, religion, national or social origin, property or birth, the right to such measures of protection as are required by his status as a minor, on the part of his family, society and the State. Every child shall be registered immediately after birth and shall have a name. Every child has the right to acquire a nationality.”

Convention against discrimination in education (Articles 3, 4, and 5)
The States Parties … undertake … to … discontinue any … practices which involve discrimination in education….; to formulate, develop and apply a national policy which … will …… promote equality of opportunity and of treatment in … education and in particular:…To make primary education free and compulsory; make secondary education in its different forms available and accessible to all; make higher education equally accessible to all on the basis of individual capacity; assure compliance by all with the obligation to attend school prescribed by law…; To encourage and intensify … the education of persons who have not received any primary education or who have not completed the entire primary education…. It is essential to recognize the right of members of national minorities to carry on their own educational activities, including the maintenance of schools and … the use or the teaching of their own language….”

ILO minimum age convention ((No. 38), Articles 1, 2, and 3)
“Each Member… undertakes to pursue a national policy … to ensure the effective abolition of child labour and to raise progressively the minimum age for admission to employment or work to a level consistent with the fullest physical and mental development of young persons…. The minimum age … shall not be less than the age of completion of compulsory schooling and, in any case, shall not be less than 15 years…. The minimum age for admission to any type of employment or work which by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out is likely to jeopardize the health, safety or morals of young persons shall not be less than 18 years….”

There are a number of other international documents which states that the child should grow up in a family environment and in an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding.

 
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Posted by on September 7, 2007 in Uncategorized

 

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